In Cambodia: Endangered; IUCN: Endangered
145 - 150cm
Up to 250cm
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Only breeds in Cambodia and in India's Assam state
Besides the species’ stronghold in northeast India, Cambodia is the only place in the world where greater adjutants still breed. While two thirds of the Cambodian population congregate in the Tonle Sap Biosphere Reserve, a few tens of pairs also persist in areas of dry forest in the northern plains as well as possibly along the Mekong mainstream north of Kratie. Strict protection of nesting sites and enforcement of waterbird conservation legislation is needed to protect this species from threats of chick and egg collection and other forms of disturbance.
Closely related but somewhat more common, the lesser adjutant (Leptoptilos javanicus) also inhabits Cambodian wetlands around the Tonle Sap and in the northern and eastern dry forests. In Mondulkiri Protected Forest within the Eastern Plains Landscape, lesser adjutants are regularly observed in the forest’s many trapeang (watering holes), but small numbers of greater adjutant may also be present in the area.