Conservation Strategies to Preserve Biodiversity | WWF

Conservation Strategies to Preserve Biodiversity



In Mondulkiri Protected Forest and Phnom Prich Wildlife Sanctuary, WWF and its partners are using an approach that has been successfully implemented in Southern Africa. ‘Wildlife Conservation by Sustainable Use’ demonstrates how wildlife conservation can contribute to economic development.
As a key first step, the area has been divided into four zones, each with a different purpose related to wildlife protection and sustainable use of wildlife and other natural resources:
  • The strict protection zone acts to conserve wildlife populations and all hunting and logging is prohibited.
  • The community use zone provides land for established communities to graze cattle, grow subsistence crops, and collect non-timber forest products.
  • The regulated use zone acts as a buffer between the first two zones and as a corridor for animal movements within and between protected areas.
  • Finally, the ecotourism zone is set aside for development of tourism infrastructure and ecotourism activities.
 
	© Din Bunthoeun / WWF-Cambodia
Environmental education and awareness raising is an important component of WWF's conservation work in Cambodia's Eastern Plains Landscape
© Din Bunthoeun / WWF-Cambodia
 
	© WWF-Cambodia / Rohit Singh
Enforcement is another important factor in WWF's conservation work in Cambodia's Eastern Plains. Here, team members release pigeons after the successful confiscation of 132 live birds.
© WWF-Cambodia / Rohit Singh
Lessons from Southern Africa have also provided useful tools for engaging local communities in direct monitoring of biodiversity and natural resources through MOMS (Management-Oriented Monitoring System).

MOMS is an approach developed in Namibia that has proved extremely successful in allowing communities to organize themselves and take responsibility for managing their natural resources, in return for the right to harvest wildlife and other forest resources. WWF and government partners have adapted this approach and gradually introduced it to the Eastern Plains.